IPCHS. Integrated People-Centred Health Services

Contents

Contents tagged: multimorbidity

Sept. 30, 2020 Europe Event

Telemonitoring and continuity of care for older subjects: comparing experience an identifying common solutions

The COVID19 pandemic highlighted some structural – organizational and cultural – limitations of our dominant model of (health)care. One of these is the need to identify and adopt newer instruments for the continuity of care for the large number of patients with chronic disease who live in low-density population areas  (200 million or 27% of EU population) and experience inequality to access (health)care because of the distance between community and healthcare structures. Notably, the onset of multimorbidity occurs 10–15 years earlier in people living in the most deprived areas compared with the most a?uent.

The Workshop aims at facilitating knowledge acquisition (including existing Projects and adopted solutions) and at fostering collaboration and standardization of best practice, including health literacy and patients and caregivers empowerment, in order to impact on the adoption of innovative digital solutions able to boost people's health and quality of life and enable more ...

July 7, 2020 Europe Publication

Impact of the CareWell integrated care model for older patients with multimorbidity: a quasi-experimental controlled study in the Basque Country

Older patients with multimorbidity have complex health and social care needs, associated with elevated use of health care resources. The CareWell program for older patients with multimorbidity, is based on the coordination between health providers, home-based care and patient empowerment, supported by information and communication technology tools. The implementation of CareWell integrated care model changed the profile of health resource utilization, strengthening the key role of primary care and reducing the number of emergency visits and hospitalizations

May 25, 2020 Europe Publication

Impact Assessment of an Innovative Integrated Care Model for Older Complex Patients with Multimorbidity: The CareWell Project

In aging populations, multimorbidity (two or more chronic diseases in the same person) is very common. Patients with multimorbidity have complex health and social needs, are at risk of being admitted to the hospital or residential care home and require a wide range of interventions.

To satisfy the needs of these patients and their families, new innovative integrated care models are needed. To be effective, they should have primary care as the cornerstone of care, effective integration between care levels, empower patient and carers/families, and should be patient-centered. The use of information and communication technology (ICT) platforms could facilitate and improve communication promoting patient empowerment and home support. This innovative interoperability should increase effectiveness, efficiency, and equity.

The aim of the CareWell project was to implement and to assess the effectiveness of an integrated care program based on the coordination between health providers, home-based care, and patient empowerment, supported ...

May 13, 2020 Europe Publication

Integrated Care Programs for People with Multimorbidity in European Countries: eHealth Adoption in Health Systems

eHealth applications have the potential to provide new integrated care services to patients with multimorbidity (MM), also supporting multidisciplinary care. The aim of this paper is to explore how widely eHealth tools have been currently adopted in integrated care programs for (older) people with MM in European countries, including benefits and barriers concerning their adoption, according to some basic health system characteristics.

April 2, 2020 Europe Publication

Sharing responsibility: municipal health professionals’ approaches to goal setting with older patients with multi-morbidity – a grounded theory study

Recent health policy promoting integrated care emphasizes to increase patients’ health, experience of quality of care and reduce care utilization. Thus, health service delivery should be co-produced by health professionals and individual patients with multiple diseases and complex needs. Collaborative goal setting is a new procedure for older patients with multi-morbidity. The aim is to explore municipal health professionals’ experiences of collaborative goal setting with patients with multi-morbidity aged 80 and above.

March 24, 2020 Western Pacific Publication

Whole-person care in general practice: The nature of whole-person care.

Whole-person care (WPC) is a core value of general practice and is particularly relevant with increasing population multimorbidity. However, WPC has lacked consensus definition, and some argue that it is not consistently practised. The aim of this study was to determine Australian general practitioners' (GPs') understanding of WPC and factors affecting its provision. This article (the first in a three-part series) describes GPs' understanding of WPC.

Jan. 31, 2020 Europe Publication

Implementing integrated care for multi-morbidity: analysis of experiences in 17 European programmes

Many countries are experimenting with new models of care provision and numerous integrated care programmes have been established internationally. However, little information is available on how to implement integrated care. The aim of this study was to provide more in-depth insights in the implementation of integrated care for developers and managers of integrated care programmes, policy makers, health insurers, and researchers.

Nov. 26, 2019 Americas Publication

Should community pharmacy be 'linked'? The perceptions of including community pharmacy in an integrated care model in Ontario, Canada

Integrated care models are becoming more frequent in various health systems to provide quality coordinated care, with the aim of improving patient outcomes and costs. Many patients under an integrated care model present with complex health and social needs requiring more sophisticated care coordination. 

Oct. 30, 2019 Europe Publication

Evaluation of integrated care services in Catalonia: population-based and service-based real-life deployment protocols.

Comprehensive assessment of integrated care deployment constitutes a major challenge to ensure quality, sustainability and transferability of both healthcare policies and services in the transition toward a coordinated service delivery scenario. To this end, the manuscript articulates four different protocols aiming at assessing large-scale implementation of integrated care, which are being developed within the umbrella of the regional project Nextcare (2016-2019), undertaken to foster innovation in technologically-supported services for chronic multimorbid patients in Catalonia (ES) (7.5 M inhabitants). Whereas one of the assessment protocols is designed to evaluate population-based deployment of care coordination at regional level during the period 2011-2017, the other three are service-based protocols addressing: i) Home hospitalization; ii) Prehabilitation for major surgery; and, iii) Community-based interventions for frail elderly chronic patients. All three services have demonstrated efficacy and potential for health value generation.

Oct. 28, 2019 Europe Publication

A 10 Step Framework to Implement Integrated Care for Older Persons

An aging population, whose multi-morbidities and risk of frailty increase with age results in significant health and social care consumption. Increasing complexity amplifies fragmentation of care and results in sub optimal care outcomes. There is growing evidence base supporting effective service responses for older persons. These typically include multidisciplinary, community based teams providing services in or near to the older person’s home (the ‘what’). However, examples of systemic implementation are confined to smaller regions notably in Catalonia (Spain), Scotland and Singapore. This reflects the fact that the implementation of integrated care is problematic at scale. The need to attend to methods that support high autonomy professionals tasked with local implementation (the ‘who’) is a neglected area. This paper proposes a framework to implementing integrated care for older persons. In addition, it offers some initial empirical evidence that this approach has utility among managers and clinicians. In doing so seeks ...

Oct. 23, 2019 Europe Publication

The “Patient-centered coordination by a care team” questionnaire achieves satisfactory validity and reliability

Increasing prevalence of chronic conditions and multimorbidity challenges health care systems and calls for patient-centered coordination of care. Implementation and evaluation of health policies focusing on the development of patient-centered coordination of care needs valid instruments measuring this dimension of care. The aim of this validation study was to assess the psychometric properties of the French version of the 14-item Patient-Centered Coordination by a Care Team (PCCCT) questionnaire in a primary care setting. 

Oct. 19, 2019 Europe Publication

From protocolized to person-centered chronic care in general practice: study protocol of an action-based research project (COPILOT)

The management of people with multiple chronic diseases challenges health care systems designed around single disease. Patients with multimorbidity often receive highly fragmented care that may lead to inefficient, ineffective and potentially harmful treatments and neglect of essential health needs. A more comprehensive, person-centered approach is advocated for persons with multiple morbidities. However, examples on how to provide more person-centered care and evidence of its impact are scarce.
The aim of this study was to develop a proactive person-centered care approach for persons with (multiple) chronic diseases in general practice, and to explore the impact on ‘Quadruple aims’: experiences of patients and professionals, patient outcomes and costs of resources use.

Sept. 15, 2019 Americas Publication

What is Important to Older People with Multimorbidity and Their Caregivers? Identifying Attributes of Person Centered Care from the User Perspective

Health systems are striving to design and deliver care that is ‘person centered’—aligned with the needs and preferences of those receiving it; however, it is unclear what older people and their caregivers value in their care. This paper captures attributes of care that are important to older people and their caregivers.

May 7, 2019 Europe Publication

Patient centred care for multimorbidity improves patient experience, but quality of life is unchanged

July 23, 2018 Europe Publication

Management of multimorbidity using a patient-centred care model: a pragmatic cluster-randomised trial of the 3D approach

The management of people with multiple chronic conditions challenges health-care systems designed around single conditions. There is international consensus that care for multimorbidity should be patient-centred, focus on quality of life, and promote self-management towards agreed goals. However, there is little evidence about the effectiveness of this approach. The article´s hypothesis was that the patient-centred, so-called 3D approach (based on dimensions of health, depression, and drugs) for patients with multimorbidity would improve their health-related quality of life, which is the ultimate aim of the 3D intervention.

July 23, 2018 Americas Publication

Patient-centred care for multimorbidity: an end in itself?

Multimorbidity, which is defined as living with two or more chronic health problems, is a major and growing problem, especially in societies with ageing populations and substantial socioeconomic disparities. It is associated with reduced quality of life, impaired functional status, poor physical and mental health, and increased mortality

Nov. 23, 2017 Americas Publication

Community Care for People with Complex Care Needs: Bridging the Gap between Health and Social Care

Introduction: A growing number of people are living with complex care needs characterized by multimorbidity, mental health challenges and social deprivation. Required is the integration of health and social care, beyond traditional health care services to address social determinants. This study investigates key care components to support complex patients and their families in the community.

Methods: Expert panel focus groups with 24 care providers, working in health and social care sectors across Toronto, Ontario, Canada were conducted. Patient vignettes illustrating significant health and social care needs were presented to participants. The vignettes prompted discussions on i) how best to meet complex care needs in the community and ii) the barriers to delivering care to this population.

Results: Categories to support care needs of complex patients and their families included i) relationships as the foundation for care, ii) desired processes and structures of care, and iii) barriers and workarounds for desired ...

Oct. 23, 2017 Europe Publication

Managing multimorbidity: profiles of integrated care approaches targeting people with multiple chronic conditions in Europe

In response to the growing populations of people with multiple chronic deseases, new models of care are currently being developed in European countries to better meet the needs of these people. This paper aims to describe the occurrence and characteristics of various types of ntegrated care practices in European countries that target people with multimorbidity.