IPCHS. Integrated People-Centred Health Services

Publications

This growing repository holds WHO documents, scientific publications, policy documents, implementation reports, presentations and others with information and insights about integrated people-centred health services. Share your publication by clicking “Add publication”.

March 31, 2022 Europe

Care for caregivers- a mission for primary care

The number of elderly people living in the community who are limited in daily activities is increasing worldwide. This generates prolonged care, which usually falls on one family member, the family caregiver. Caregivers are prone to develop psychosocial and physical symptoms. As a result, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a clear directive to assess and support these caregivers. The main goals of this study were to assess primary care physicians’ (PCP) awareness to caregivers’ health risks and the extent that they recommended preventive measures to maintain the health of the caregivers. Although a high percentage of physicians were aware ...

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March 30, 2022 Europe

Rehabilitation Workforce Challenges to Implement Person-Centered Care

There is an increasing emphasis on developing person-centered care in rehabilitation settings. However, this care practice has not been fully implemented due to several factors. This study explores rehabilitation workforce perspectives on the barriers and facilitators to implementing person-centered care (PCC). Participants described barriers such as an unsupportive organization and leadership, staff constraints, heavy workload, and resistance to change. Unique to this study, a patient’s clinical characteristics were identified as barriers to person-centered care. As facilitators, they described leadership, staff satisfaction, a positive physical environment, training and education, and shared decision-making. It is essential to understand the perceptions of ...

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March 28, 2022 Africa

An insight into patients' perspectives on barriers affecting participation in shared decision making among patients with diabetes mellitus in Malawi

Patient participation in decision making is a basic tenet for a patient centred care experience and, has potential to improve care experiences and responsiveness in chronic diseases such as Diabetes Mellitus (DM). However, documented experiences show that patient participation in decisions making is wanting. As Malawi strives to institutionalise patient centred care delivery, it is important to examine patients' experiences and perceptions to identify barriers affecting their participation in shared decision making because this may provide evidence supporting strategies in implementation of the institutionalisation.

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March 24, 2022 Africa

Community-oriented primary care for National Health Insurance in South Africa

This is a report on Chiawelo Community Practice (CCP) in Ward 11, Soweto, South Africa, a community-oriented primary care (COPC) model for National Health Insurance (NHI) in South Africa, developed by a family physician.

A shift to capitation contracting for primary health care (PHC) under NHI will carry risk for providers – both public and private, especially higher number of patient visits. Health promotion and disease prevention, especially using a COPC model, will be important. Leading the implementation of COPC is an important role for family physicians in Africa, but global implementation of COPC is challenged. Cuba and Brazil have implemented ...

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March 24, 2022 Europe

Developing an Integrated Model of Care for Veterans with Alcohol Problems

Veterans often do not present with alcohol problems in isolation, they may have a wide range of social, physical, and psychological needs.

The aim of this study was to facilitate the development of a co-designed integrated model of care for veterans with alcohol problems.

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March 24, 2022 Europe

Developing New Methods for Person-Centred Approaches to Adjudicate Context–Mechanism–Outcome Configurations in Realist Evaluation

Realist evaluation provides a general method of evaluating the application of interventions including policy, legislation, projects, and new processes in social settings such as law enforcement, healthcare and education. Realist evaluation focuses on what about interventions works, for whom, and in what circumstances, and there is a growing body of work using realist evaluation to analyse interventions in healthcare organizations, including those using Lean Six Sigma improvement methodologies.

Whilst realist evaluation facilitates the analysis of interventions using both qualitative and quantitative research, there is little guidance given on methods of data collection and analysis.

The purpose of this study is ...

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March 24, 2022 Global

Benefit design: the perspective from health financing policy

Given the central importance of public financing to make progress towards universal health coverage (UHC), government policy on benefit design, including both service entitlements and conditions of access, significantly influences health system performance. Benefit design considers how all public funds are used and should be based on evidence and developed through a systematic process involving key stakeholders. Reducing uncertainty over entitlements and conditions of access, in particular co-payments, both reduces barriers to accessing services and improves financial protection. Finally, aligning benefit design with a range of health financing policies, as well as service with delivery objectives, provides a powerful way ...

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March 24, 2022 Africa

Barriers to tuberculosis case finding in primary and secondary health facilities in Ghana: perceptions, experiences and practices of healthcare workers

Ghana’s national tuberculosis (TB) prevalence survey conducted in 2013 showed higher than expected TB prevalence indicating that many people with TB were not being identified and treated. This study showa that TB case finding was undermined by few diagnostic facilities; inconsistent referral mechanisms; poor implementation, training and quality control of a screening tool and guidelines; and HCWs fearing infection and not being motivated. We recommend training for and quality monitoring of TB diagnosis and treatment with a focus on patient-centred care, an effective sputum transport system, provision of the TB symptom screening tool and consistent referral pathways from peripheral ...

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March 23, 2022 Western Pacific

A Large-Scale Screening Responding Sporadic Epidemic of COVID-19 in China by an Integrated Health-Care System

In the post-pandemic period of COVID-19, the majority of cities in China try to balance the normalization of epidemic prevention and social-economic development. However, the appearance of asymptomatic infected patients poses threats to public health, which might be infectious without clinical symptoms and only be detected by testing approaches. Along with the appearance of one symptomatic case, a regional large-scale screening program was carried out in Shenzhen City charged by a regionally integrated healthcare system. The large-scale screening contributed to preventing epidemic transmission. The integrated healthcare system coordinating regional medical institutions and optimizing regional medical recourse had advantages to address ...

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March 21, 2022 Global

Have we forgotten the moral justification for patient-centred care?

Patient-centred care has attracted intense attention over the last 50 years. First articulated in the late 1960s, and inspired by Roger’s Client-Centred Therapy and Balint’s concept of the therapeutic relationship, its early focus was on the relationship between a patient and their physician. Over the last couple of decades, patient-centred care has become a foundation for health professional education, a guiding principle for health disciplines and an explicit focus of the patient-centred medical home. Perhaps the debates about frameworks, definitions and terminology have distracted us. Is it time for educators, researchers and clinicians to move their focus beyond ...

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