IPCHS. Integrated People-Centred Health Services

Contents

Contents tagged: performance evaluation

April 17, 2016 Americas Publication

The Patient-Centered Medical Home’s Impact on Cost and Quality: Annual Review of Evidence, 2014-15

The Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) is a model of primary care that is patient-centred, comprehensive, coordinated, accessible and committed to quality and safety. In the PCMH, the primary care team coordinates care for patients and guides them in their journeys across the health care system.  In February 2016, the Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative, a not-for-profit membership organization, published a review titled "The Patient-Centered Medical Home's Impact on Cost and Quality", which provides a summary of PCMH cost and utilisation outcomes in the United States. The review includes peer-reviewed studies, state government evaluations, industry reports and independent federal program evaluations published between October 2014 and November 2015.  According to the review, there is a clear trend showing that the PCMH leads to reductions in health care costs and/or unnecessary utilisation such as emergency department visits, inpatient hospitalizations and hospital re-admissions. The authors also discuss the impact of new developments ...

Dec. 12, 2018 Africa Publication

Does supportive supervision enhance community health worker motivation? A mixed-methods study in four African countries

Supportive supervision is an important element of community health worker (CHW) programmes and is believed to improve CHW motivation and performance. A group supervision intervention, which included training and mentorship of supervisors, was implemented in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi and Mozambique. In three of the countries, this was combined with individual and/or peer supervision. A mixed-methods implementation study was conducted to assess the effect of the supervision intervention on CHWs’ perceptions of supervision and CHW motivation-related outcomes. The study suggests that there is potential for integrating supportive group supervision models in CHW programmes. A combination of group with individual or peer supervision, preferably accompanied with methods that assess CHW performance and corresponding feedback systems, could yield improved motivation and performance.

March 6, 2019 Africa Publication

The Governance of National Community Health Worker Programmes in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An Empirically Based Framework of Governance Principles, Purposes and Tasks

National community health worker (CHW) programmes are increasingly regarded as an integral component of primary healthcare (PHC) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). At the interface of the formal health system and communities, CHW programmes evolve in context specific ways, with unique cadres and a variety of vertical and horizontal relationships. These programmes need to be appropriately governed if they are to succeed, yet there is little evidence or guidance on what this entails in practice. Based on empirical observations of South Africa’s community-based health sector and informed by theoretical insights on governance, this paper proposes a practical framework for the design and strengthening of CHW programme governance at scale.