IPCHS. Integrated People-Centred Health Services

Contents

Contents tagged: health equity

Dec. 20, 2018 Europe Publication

How to transfer good practices in integrated care internationally: From self-assessment to knowledge transfer and improvement in care

The challenge of an ageing population is faced by many regions and countries in Europe, and integrated care is a recognised solution to it. Increasing the readiness and capacity of regions to be able to implement integrated care is crucial. In Scotland and in the Puglia region of Italy, a knowledge transfer exercise has been undertaken using the Scirocco model to do just that. 

Dec. 6, 2018 Europe, Global Publication

Using concept mapping to identify policy options and interventions towards people- centred health care services: a multi stakeholders perspective

People-centred health care (PCC) services are identified by the WHO as important building blocks towards universal health coverage. In 2016 the WHO formulated a comprehensive framework on integrated PCC services based on an international expert consultation. Yet, expert opinions may fail to recognize the needs of all health system stakeholders. Therefore, a consultation method that includes the health workforce and laypersons, can be instrumental to elaborate this framework more in-depth. This research sought to identify participants’ perspectives on policy options and interventions to achieve people-centred health care services from a multi stakeholder perspective.

Nov. 14, 2018 Western Pacific Publication

Community Health Worker Programs to Improve Healthcare Access and Equity: Are They Only Relevant to Low- and Middle-Income Countries?

Community Health Workers (CHWs) are proven to be highly effective in low- and middle-income countries with many examples of successful large-scale programs. There is growing interest in deploying CHW programs in high-income countries to address inequity in healthcare access and outcomes amongst population groups facing disadvantage. This study is the first that examines the scope and potential value of CHW programs in Australia and the challenges involved in integrating CHWs into the health system. The potential for CHWs to improve health equity is explored.

Aug. 29, 2018 Global Publication

Health policy and systems research: the future of the field

Health policy and systems research (HPSR) has changed considerably over the last 20 years, but its main purpose remains to inform and influence health policies and systems. Whereas goals that underpin health systems have endured – such as a focus on health equity – contexts and priorities change, research methods progress, and health organisations continue to learn and adapt, in part by using HPSR. For HPSR to remain relevant, its practitioners need to re-think how health systems are conceptualised, to keep up with rapid changes in how we diagnose and manage disease and use information, and consider factors affecting people’s health that go well beyond healthcare systems. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) represent a shifting paradigm in human development by seeking convergence across sectors. They also offer an opportunity for HPSR to play a larger role, given its pioneering work on applying systems thinking to health, its focus on health equity ...

July 5, 2017 Americas Publication

What do we mean when we talk about the Triple Aim? A systematic review of evolving definitions and adaptations of the framework at the health system level

Notwithstanding important contributions of the Triple Aim, uncristal enthusiasm regarding the implications of the framework may be leading to  inconsistent use, particularly when apploed at the health system level, which goes beyond he original positioning of the framework as a strategic organizing principle to guide improvement initiatives at the organizational or local community level. This article identified uses of the Triple Aim that extended beyond its original intention to focus on uses at the whole health system level, to assess convergence and divergence with the original definition. They also attempted to identify consistencies in the way the Triple Aim was adapted for different contexts and settings. 

Dec. 12, 2016 Americas Publication

Achieving Health Equity: A Guide for Health Care Organizations

This white paper provides guidance on how health care organizations can reduce health disparities related to racial or ethnic group, religion; socioeconomics status; gender; age; mental health; cognitive, sensory, or physical disability; sexual orientation or gender identity, geographic location; or other characteristics historically linked to discrimination or exclusion. 

It includes: 

-A framework, with five key components, for health care organizations to improve health equity in the communities they serve

- Guideance for measuring health equity

- A case study of one health care organization that has strategically integrated work to improve health equity throughout their system

- A self- assessment tool for health care organizations to gauge their current focus on and effort to improve health equity

June 13, 2016 Global Publication

Health Equity Assessment Toolkit (HEAT)

The WHO has developed the Health Equity Assessment Toolkit (HEAT), a software application for use on desktop or laptop computers and mobile devices, to facilitate the assessment of within-country health inequalities. HEAT is organized around two main components:

  • Explore inequality, which enables users to explore the situation in one country of interest to determine the latest situation of inequality and the change in inequalities over time.
  • Compare inequality, which enables users to benchmark, i.e. compare the situation in one country of interest with the situation in other countries.

Inequalities can be assessed using disaggregated data and summary measures that are visualized in a variety of interactive ways, including tables and graphs. Customized results can be exported and saved in different formats.

June 13, 2016 Global Toolkit

Health Equity Assessment Toolkit (HEAT)

The WHO has developed the Health Equity Assessment Toolkit (HEAT), a software application for use on desktop or laptop computers and mobile devices, to facilitate the assessment of within-country health inequalities. HEAT is organized around two main components:

  • Explore inequality, which enables users to explore the situation in one country of interest to determine the latest situation of inequality and the change in inequalities over time.
  • Compare inequality, which enables users to benchmark, i.e. compare the situation in one country of interest with the situation in other countries.

Inequalities can be assessed using disaggregated data and summary measures that are visualized in a variety of interactive ways, including tables and graphs. Customized results can be exported and saved in different formats.

April 21, 2016 Europe Publication

Ten actions required to improve health, social care and well-being in Wales

Health and social care organizations from Wales joined in the Welsh NHS Confederation’s 2016 Challenge Policy Forum and the published  a document called “Ten actions required to improve health, social care and well-being in Wales", trying to establish their priorities in order to get a better system.

The ten priorities described are: long term vision, ensuring financing, planning workforce, person centred and integrated care, public health perspective, improve preventive measurements, creating a culture of honest and open communication with population, improving mental health support, ensuring equal access to health and social care and improving the use of technology.