China is ageing much faster than other low- and middle-income countries. The proportion of the population aged 60 years and over will increase from 12.4% in 2010 to 28% in 2040. Also women outlive men, and populations in rural areas have higher proportions of older people.
Therefore, social and economic transitions are changing traditional care arrangements for older people in China. So, a health transition from communicable to noncommunicable disease is well under way in China.